Khmer Empire

History of Khmer Empire

The Khmer Empire was one of the most powerful empires in Southeast Asia, and the Empire ruled over parts of modern day Laos, Thailand, Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia, Vietnam and Malaysia. The Khmer Civilization came into existence during the period from 802 AD to 1431 AD. The rise of Khmer Empire was almost in parallel with the rise of Pagan Kingdom. There were clashes of power between the Pagan Kingdom and the Khmer Empire, when the Pagan Kingdom expanded their power to the southeast and the Khmher Empire expanded their power to the west.

 

Capital of Khmer Empire

Angkor, the capital of the Khmer Empire, is not only the cultural center of Southeast Asia, but also the symbol of wealth during the zenith of the empire. The city of Angkor was founded by Jayavarman II around 802 AD. The kingdom managed to expanded without much wars, but with the wealth gained through trade and agriculture.

 
 
 

 

Civilization and Culture
The main culture of Khmer Empire, especially religion, is also imported from India and Sri Lanka. Hinduism, Buddhism -both Mahayana and Theravada- are prevalent throughout the empire, although the primary religion is Hinduism.