Pagan Kingdom

History of Pagan Kingdom


Formally titled Arimaddanapura or Arimaddana (the City of the Enemy Crusher) and also known as Tambadipa (the Land of Copper) or Tassadessa (the Parched Land). One of Tibeto-Burman speaking tribes, or the Bamar, began migrating to the Irrawaddy valley from present-day Yunnan’s Nanzhao kingdom starting in 7th century AD. Filling the power gap left by the Pyu, the Burmans established a small kingdom centred in Pagan (Bagan) in 849 A.D. But it was not until the reign of King Anawrahta (1044–1077) that Pagan’s influence expanded throughout much of present-day Burma.

 

Capital of Pagan Kingdom

Located on the east bank of Irrawaddy River, Tambadipa, the Capital of Pagan Kingdom is standing as a strong-hold of the arid region of central Burma. Close to the Mount Popa, an oasis of the central plain, the city can also enjoy the wild-life of tropical forests.
 
 

 

Civilization and Culture
Like many other societies at these days, there are four major social classes: farmers, soldiers, priests (monks) and workers. Religion is primarily influenced by the Indian Civilization, and it is mixed with the traditional Deva (Nats) Worship. In addition, there are also some forms of Tantric Cults, rooted from both India and Tibet. Although there is some form of Buddhism, it is not prevalent until King Anawrahta conquers the Mon Kingdom, Suvenabumi.
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