Formally titled Arimaddanapura or Arimaddana (the City of the Enemy Crusher) and also known as Tambadipa (the Land of Copper) or Tassadessa (the Parched Land). One of Tibeto-Burman speaking tribes, or the Bamar, began migrating to the Irrawaddy valley from present-day Yunnan’s Nanzhao kingdom starting in 7th century AD. Filling the power gap left by the Pyu, the Burmans established a small kingdom centred in Pagan (Bagan) in 849 A.D. But it was not until the reign of King Anawrahta (1044–1077) that Pagan’s influence expanded throughout much of present-day Burma.
Located on the east bank of Irrawaddy River, Tambadipa, the Capital of Pagan Kingdom is standing as a strong-hold of the arid region of central Burma. Close to the Mount Popa, an oasis of the central plain, the city can also enjoy the wild-life of tropical forests.